Press Release

Ukraine: 20 cultural properties receive enhanced protection by UNESCO’s Second Protocol to the 1954 Hague Convention

07 September 2023

Paris, 7 September 2023 – Today, the UNESCO Committee for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict held an extraordinary meeting to strengthen the protection of cultural heritage in Ukraine, including the granting of provisional enhanced protection to 20 cultural properties as well as deciding the training of Ukrainian security forces and judiciary personnel on heritage protection.

Following repeated destructions of cultural properties in Ukraine, an extraordinary session of the Committee for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict was held today, at Ukraine’s request.


During its session, the UNESCO Second Protocol to the 1954 Hague Convention Committee adopted a declaration “deploring that serious damages were caused by Russian missile strikes to historical buildings of cultural significance within the properties in L'viv, Odesa and Chernihiv.”


The Committee decided to provisionally inscribe 20 cultural properties in Ukraine on the International List of Cultural Property under Enhanced Protection. These inscriptions increase their immunity in the course of ongoing war, potentially enabling competent bodies of all 87 States Parties to the 1999 Second Protocol to prosecute or extradite alleged offenders.


“One and a half years on since the invasion, we are witnessing an alarming increase in attacks against Ukraine’s cultural heritage. More actions are needed to avoid irreversible damage to the shared heritage of humanity, and today’s outcome represents a decisive step in the right direction.” – Ernesto Ottone R., Assistant Director General for Culture


These 20 properties now benefit from the highest level of immunity from military attacks as well as threats of making it a military target. Non-compliance with these clauses would be qualified as a “serious violation” to the 1954 Hague Convention and its Second Protocol.


The Committee also decided to financially support the organization of trainings by UNESCO for Ukrainian security forces and judicial personnel, to enhance their skills in protecting cultural heritage. This comes in addition to the various training courses for Ukrainian cultural professionals and heritage preventive protection and rehabilitation measures carried out by UNESCO since the outbreak of the war.


Since 24 February 2022, UNESCO has verified damages to 287 cultural sites in Ukraine, including within boundaries of World Heritage sites.


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Zhanna Sirkovych

Zhanna Sirkovych

National Communications Officer

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